Belum Caves – The Second longest Caves of India

  • Belum Caves

Explore the inspiring Belum Caves in India, India's second-longest cave system, known for its stunning stalactite and stalagmite formations, rich history and fascinating underground passages. Discover this natural wonder world of caves and experience a journey through time beneath the Earth's surface. Know more

The Belum Caves

The Belum caves are the longest caves Located nearly 270 km from Bangalore, on the plains of India. It’s time to explore it below.

If you would have been asked to name a place that can match the prettiness and wonders of the depths of oceans, it would definitely be the amazing world of caves. Exploring something strange & unknown interiors of these fascinating natural creatures is surely an unforgettable experience as you dive into unexplored waters that expose a myriad of treasures.

And what’s better than discover the magic of mystical and dream-like caves – the Belum caves. 

These caves inherited their name from the Sanskrit word bilum (hole). They were created by the action of water dropping on limestone bonds over millions of years, resulting in stalactites, columns, siphons, sink fleabags, and water arcades.

Although these magical caves were not known to the locals for several years, the first official archives that have mention them are from 1884, by Robert Bruce Foote, who was a British geologist and archaeologist and carried out surveys for the Geological Survey of India.
In the 1980s, Indian officials worked with a German excursion to discover and chart the caves. The relics found in the caves dated back to around 4500 BC and revealed that the caves had been occupied by the earliest Buddhist and Jain monks. In the year 1999, the Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation took control of the caves to carry out maintenance. They wiped out the mud and wreckage lying inside, developed pathways, enabled lighting and sank ventilation chutes to make the caves reachable to the public.

The Main Attractions of the Belium Caves are:


The Cavern with 7 musical notes or the Saptasvarala Guha is really captivating due to its matchless auditory range. The icicles when hit results into melodious notes. The march of the same was accessible earlier but due to the likely damage to the natural structures has been paused. Nevertheless, you can easily witness the whole formation along the walls.


Paatalganga is considered to be the extreme region of the Belum Caves. This is comprised of a subversive stream whose depth is not known. The stream is known to be the breeding ground of an uncommon living organism that flourishes only in the extreme crooks of a cave. It is thought that this underground stream appears at the surface- 3 km from its existing point at the Belum village.

The Banyan Tree

On the meeting of the stalagmites and stalactite, it comes a mighty tree with roots that appear to suspend down. The Banyan tree cavern of Belum Caves is truly a knockout, particularly when you make the vibrant lights dance over it.

Thousand Hoods Cavern

The structure is similar to a setting in which hundreds of snakes are suspended from the roof. After the Banyan Tree Cavern, this specific stop is a creative magnificence.


The mandapam is a big hall very much like a grand banquet. The tall ceilings with artistic consistencies make it really an awe-inspiring stop. What makes it even more attractive is the trip to get through it. One has to slide between thin gaps and bend along few low ceiling passages only to arise in high vaulted ones.


Dhyana Mandir

A big lump of stone that represents a saint’s bed inhabits this cavity. No one knows whether the actual saint slept on it or not, it was once a meditation center for monks.

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